七年级下册英语知识点笔记

发布时间:2020-03-11㈠短语总结1.在学校大门口attheschoolgate2.来学校cometoschool3.去学校gotoschool4.上课haveclass/hav...


发布时间:2020-03-11

  ㈠短语总结

  1. 在学校大门口 at the school gate

  2. 来学校 come to school

  3. 去学校 go to school

  4. 上课 have class / have classes xK b1.C o m

  5. 步行 on foot

  6. 骑自行车 ride a bike/ ride bikes/ by bike / on a bike

  7. 坐公交 by bus / take a bus

  8. 坐地铁 by subway / take the subway / on the subway

  9. 坐飞机 by plane/ take the plane / on the plane

  10. 坐小汽车 by car / in a car/ take a car/ drive a car

  11. 坐轮船 by ship

  12. 坐小船 by boat

  13. 坐火车 by train / on the train

  14. 在我们组 in our group

  15. 一群学生 a group of students

  16. 我们中的三个人 three of us

  17. 在平日 on weekdays

  18. 在周末 on the weekends / at weekends

  19. 起床 get up

  20. 睡觉 go to bed

  21. 早起 get up early

  22. 回家 go home

  23. 到家 get home

  24. 去动物园 go to the zoo

  25. 去公园 go to the park

  26. 看电影 see a movie / film

  27. 看电视 watch TV

  28. 在晚上 in the evening / at night

  29. 帮助父母 help parents

  30. 做某人的家庭作业 do one’s ( my/ her/ his/ your/ their)homework

  31. 在学校 at school

  32. 知道,了解 know about / learn about

  33. 校园生活 school life

  34. 一个美国学生 an American student

  35. 在美国 in America / in the U.S.A.

  36. 许多学生 many students/ a lot of students/ lots of students

  37. 很少 very few

  38. 吃午饭 have lunch

  39. 出去吃饭 eat out

  40. 在校期间 on school days

  41. 休息一会 have a short rest/ break

  42. 午饭后 after lunch

  43. 在某人的业余时间in one’s ( my/ his/ her/ their…)free/ spare time

  44. 打篮球 play basketball

  45. 踢足球play soccer / football

  46. 弹钢琴 play the piano

  47. 弹吉他play the guitar

  48. 拉二胡 play erhu

  49. 去游泳 go swimming / go for a swim

  50. 去划船 go boating

  51. 球赛 a ball game / ball games

  52. 一年四次 four times a year

  53. 听音乐 listen to music

  54. 读书 read books

  55. 看报 read newspapers

  56. 看医生 see a doctor

  57. 去图书馆 go to the library

  58. 一周两次 twice a week

  59. 见朋友 meet friends

  60. 每天 every day

  61. 在七点半 at half past seven

  62. 一小会 for a little while / for a short time

  63. 晚饭后 after supper

  64. 吃饭 have dinner

  65. 吃早饭 have breakfast

  ㈡重要句型

  1. I usually come to school by subway.

  同义句: I usually take the subway to school.

  对划线部分提问: How do you usually come to school?

  类似的有:

  go to school by bike=go to school

  on a bike=ride a bike to school=ride to school

  go home by bus=go home on a bus=take a bus home

  2. How do you usually/ often…?你通常/经常怎样…?

  3. It’s time for class.=It’s time to have class.=It’s time for having class.

  4. What about you?=How about you?

  5. How often …? 询问频率 ,回答可以用频率副词:always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, never, every day ,every +其他时间名词或表示频率的短语回答

  表示频率的短语:次数+单位时间

  e.g. : once a day / twice a week / three times a month

  6. The early bird catches the work. (谚语) 笨鸟先飞

  7. Work / Study must come first. 工作/ 学习必须放在第一位!

  8. Classes begin at eight.=Class begins at eight.

  提问: What time does the class begin? / What time do the classes begin?

  ㈢重要单词的用法

  1. look (感官动词) 看起来,后面加形容词

  His mother looks very young.

  They look very cute.

  Her dress looks very nice.

  You look very cool in this coat.

  2. by 介词

  by 后面直接加表示交通工具的名词,中间不用任何词修饰,如:by bike

  by +动词ing形式,表示通过某种方式

  People show love to their mothers by giving cards.

  You can be a good student by working hard.

  3. over (形容词)

  School / Class is over.

  4. begin

  现在分词: beginning 过去式: began

  begin to do sth , begin doing sth

  He begins to write a letter.=He begins writing a letter.

  如果begin本身为分词,只能用begin to do sth

  He is beginning to run.

  5. listen to 听(动作) , hear 听见(结果)

  6. always 反义词 never

  7. 本话题涉及的时态为一般现在时,句中常有频率副词或表示频率的短语,如果主语为三单,动词一定要用三单!

  (四)易错题

  1. You new watch ______ (look) very nice!

  2. Here ______(be) some news.

  3. Oh, come on! It’s time_____ going to school.

  4. They usually go to school on ________(feet).

  5. In my class, forty of _______(we) go to school by bike.

  6. The early bird ______ (catch) the worm.

  7. Kangkang often _____ (ride) a bike to the park.

  8. What time _____ (be)school over?

  9. Work must come ______(once).

  10. It’s time ____you to get up.

  11. We often _____ books in the morning.

  12. Jill’s friend like ______(study) in our school.

  13. Mr. Wang teaches ______(we) English. _____ of us like him.

  14. How about ______(go) out with me?

  15. Most students go to school _____ the school bus.

  16. _______ do you go shopping with your mother?

  A. How soon B. How far C. How often D. How much

  17. What time do you usually get up _____ weekdays?

  18. He ______ busy, so he has no time to play with us.

  A. is always B. seldom is C. always is D. often is

  19. The last class______(finish) at twelve o’clock.

  20. Let’s go______(boat).

  21. It’s time to have breakfast. (同义句)

  ______________________________________________________.

  22. Michael often rides a bike to school. (同义句)

  ______________________________________________________.

  23. I always go to work on foot. (对划线部分提问)

  ______________________________________________________.

  24. My mother goes shopping twice a week. (对划线部分提问)

  ______________________________________________________.

  25. Mary always reads books in the library. (反义句)

  ______________________________________________________.

  26. He usually does his homework at school. (否定句)

  ______________________________________________________.

  27. They often go to school by bus in the morning. (对划线部分提问)

  ______________________________________________________.

  28. Jane seldom watches TV on weekdays. (改为一般疑问句)

  ______________________________________________________.

  29. He usually has lunch at home. (对划线部分提问)

  ______________________________________________________.

  30. Li Ping often goes to work on foot. (同义句)

  ______________________________________________________.

  31. 几乎没有学生乘地铁去学校。

  ______________________________________________________.

  32. 我通常放学后做运动。

  ______________________________________________________.

  33. 你经常在图书馆看书吗?

  ______________________________________________________.

  34. 她母亲每天购物一次。

  ______________________________________________________.

  35. 他们在业余时间做什么?

  ______________________________________________________.

  36. 他们一年举行四次球赛。

  ______________________________________________________.

  37. 玛利亚怎样回家?

  ______________________________________________________.

  38. 她有时坐地铁回家。

  ______________________________________________________.

  39. 他通常放学后打篮球,但是不踢足球。

  ______________________________________________________.

  40. 你常常骑自行车来学学校吗?

  ______________________________________________________.

  Unit5 Topic2

  (一) 重要单词:

  1. borrow:指主语借入 borrow sth. from sb.

  e.g You can borrow this book from the library.

  May I borrow your eraser?

  lend: 指主语借出 lend sth. to sb. / lend sb. sth.

  e.g Can you lend your car to me?

  They often lend us their ball.

  2. keep

  keep 和 borrow, lend 的意思一样,都是表示借的意思, 区别是borrow和lend是瞬间动词,而keep是延续性动词,表示借一段时间, 后常跟上一段时间

  e.g You may keep this book for two weeks.

  借进borrow 借出 lend 借多久 keep

  3. find和look for

  find :找到,发现,强调结果 look for寻找,强调过程

  e.g I’m looking for my shoese verywhere, but I can not find it.

  4. return

  return :归还=give back return sth to sb=give sth back to sb

  e.g Please return this book to Steve=please give back this book to Steve.

  e.g He will return from America next month.

  5. on time: 准时,强调不早不迟到达

  in time: 及时,强调在规定的时间以前到达

  e.g We must go to work on time. The students can get there in time.

  6. Japanese: adj 日本的,日本人的,日语的 n.日本人,日语

  当Japanese表示日本人时,是可数名词,单复数同形(与Chinese用法相同)

  e.g Two Japanese and three Chinese are swimming in the swimming pool.

  7. also 与too

  两个都表是“也”的意思, also用在句中, too用在句末

  e.g Helen is also a student.

  I have long hair and she has long hair, too.

  8 plan n.平面图

  v.计划 plan to do sth

  (二)短语总结:

  1. on time 准时

  2. in time 及时

  3 .in the center of: 在…..中央

  4 .next to 在什么隔壁,在什么旁边

  5. at the back of ; 在….后面(外部后面)

  6. in front of….在…..前面(外部后面)

  7. behind 在…..后面(内部后面)

  8. in the front of 在….前面(内部后面)

  9 .on the left 在左边

  10. on the right 在右边

  11. Show sb around 领某人参观

  12. between …and… 在….与….之间

  13. from ….to…从…..到…..

  14. On the shelf 在架子上 shelf复数形式是shelves

  15. do better in sth/doing sth 在……方面做的更好

  do well in sth/doing sth 在…..做得好

  be good at sth/doing sth 在…..方面擅长

  16. at the moment 现在,此刻

  17. play computer games 玩电脑游戏

  18. a few 几个

  19. the Great Wall 长城

  (三)重要句型总结

  1. What’s in+sth 表示哪里有什么东西

  e.g What’s in your purse? 钱包里有什么东西?

  What else 还有别的什么么? else: 别的,其它的

  What else do you have?

  Who else还有别的什么人么? Where else 还有别的什么地方么?

  else除了可以放在疑问词what,who, where等后面,还可以放在something, anything, nothing, somebody, anybody, nobody后面

  e.g I don’t have anything else to do. I can’t see anybody else in the room.

  2. Here are some photos of his.

  名词+Of+名词性物主代词/名词所有格----------双重所有格

  e.g a friend of Sam’s 萨姆的一个朋友 a friend of mine 我的一个朋友

  3. love doing sth习惯性的爱好和习惯

  love to do sth一次性的动作或目前想做的事

  e.g She loves reading in bed. I love to go swimming today.

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